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                                                                                                               COURT OF HILL - TITTERSTONE CLEE


In what follows I make a case for Thomas Harris of Virginia, whose daughter, Mary, married Thomas Lygon, being descended from the family of de la Hulle of Shropshire, who were tenants of the lords of Richard's Castle. The first in the pedigree is Hugh de la Hulle, who held the estate of Hulle, that is, Court of Hill, in the parish of Burford, as the eleventh part of a knight's fee, of the Barony of Stuteville, in the reigns of Richard I. and John, as appears by the Testa de Nevill. The family afterwards removed into the north of the county, by marriages with the coheiresses of Wlenkeslow, Buntingsdale, Styche, and Warren. The castle still borne in the coat of Hill is found on the seal of William Hill in the reign of Richard II. - Ermine, on a fess sable, a castle argent. I trace this family to a Roger Harris, who is first noted in a charter of 1405, and suggest him to be a brother or cousin of John Hill als Harris, who was similarly connected to the Ludlow families of Rye and Hopton. I can not determine the particular (female) connection which enabled these Harris at a later date to bear the arms of Heriz. Their connection to families associated with Sara Heriz is given. Harris was commonly Harries, which I take to be a variation of Heriz. This account clearly shows a link between the de la Hulles and such families as Say and Clifford, yet no blood relationship van be inferred; it may be the case that the de la Hulles intermarried with these families. Who they were beneath the mask of their toponym is unknowable, as is whether each generation was continued by a male-line descendant: adoption of a step-father's name was prevalent in these most troublesome of times. I commence by giving an account of the lords of Richard's Castle:


Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Combined entry for Richard Scrob, and his son Osbern fitz Richard, reads: 'Richard Scrob (fl. 1052-1066), soldier and landowner, was a Frenchman of unknown origins (not for certain a Norman) who came to England in the early years of the reign of Edward the Confessor (r. 1042-66) and was given land on the Welsh border ... Richard married the daughter of another French settler, Robert the Deacon (possibly to be identified with Robert fitz Wimarc); his sons Osbern and William were adults by 1066. Richard's main base was the Herefordshire manor of Auretone, where he built the earthwork of Richard's Castle, one of the handful of pre-conquest castles in England. His lands were concentrated within a few miles, in Worcestershire and Shropshire as well as Herefordshire. Richard was one of the king's housecarls, and was exempted from the expulsions of Frenchmen which followed Earl Godwine's return to power in 1052. In the 1050s and early 1060s he was possibly sheriff of Worcestershire and certainly a man to whom the king entrusted important business there. In 1066 he and his family threw in their lot with the Normans as fighting broke out in Herefordshire between the French and Eadric the Wild. The date of his death is unknown.'


'Osbern fitz Richard (fl. c.1066-1088), landowner, Richard's son, owned an estate abutting his father's during the latter's lifetime, including a large tract on the border probably reconquered from the Welsh by Earl Harold in 1063-4.' (In `Overs' Hundred Osbern son of Richard holds Burford from the King. Richard (Scrope), his father, held it. 6 1/2 hides which pay tax. Land for 29 ploughs. Osbern has 2 mills which pay 12 packloads of corn. 6 slaves, 12 villagers, 3 riders, 24 smallholders, 7 freedmen and a church with 2 priests; between them all they have 23 ploughs. Woodland for fattening 100 pigs; a hedged enclosure. Value before 1066, 100s; now £4.' ... Domesday, after describing Nene in Condetret Hundred as held by Siward under Osbern fitz Richard, proceeds as follows:— 'To this Manor (Nene) there is adjacent one Berewick, Mulstone in Ovret Hundred. Here are three and a half hides geldable. The arable land is enough for vi ox-teams. In time of King Edward it was worth 14 .... (per annum); now it is worth 10 ... He (Osbern fitz Richard) found it waste.' This instance of a Manor being in one Hundred while its Berewick was in another, is less remarkable than would appear. When Neen Sollars became annexed to Overs Hundred, the previous anomaly vanished.


'Osbern added greatly to it under Norman rule: by inheritance from his father; by gift from King William, especially in Worcestershire and Warwickshire; by marriage to Nesta, daughter of Gruffudd ap Llywelyn and Ealdgyth, Earl Ælfgar of Mercia's dau., which seems to have brought him five valuable Mercian manors; and by taking manors as a tenant of the bishop of Worcester, the sheriff of Gloucester, and the earl of Shrewsbury. The last connection, with Roger de Montgomery, was perhaps the key to his success: it is striking that an apparently independent and wealthy baron was in 1085 in the earl's household. By 1086 Osbern's manors straggled from the Welsh border as far as Worcester and Warwick, with outliers in Nottinghamshire and Bedfordshire. ... Osbern joined the Welsh marcher rebellion of 1088, but was not one of those whose calculations were complicated by property in Normandy and he was later loyal to William II, his honour of Richard's Castle passing on his death at an unknown date intact to his descendants.'


Osbern FitzRichard and Nesta's issue included a dau. named Nesta, mar. to Bernarde de Neufmarche, Lord of Brecon, and Hugh FitzRichard, born circa 1080. Dugdale's 'Monasticon', vol. 2, p. 422, nos. xiii., re Pershore Monastery, contains a grant witnessed by 'Hugone filio Osberni filii Ricardi, et Turstino fratre ejus.' Hugh FitzRichard mar. Eustachia de Say. Dugdale's 'Monasticon', vol. 6, p. 1004, nos. I, re Priory of Westwood, contains an entry which reads 'Henricus Dei gratia rex Angliæ et dux Nor. et Aquit. et comes Andeg. achiepiscopis, &c. salutem ...Sciatis me concessisse ... habeant omnia sua tenementa quæ Osbertus filius Hogonis, et Eustachia de Say mater sua.' They had two (known) sons. The eldest, and Hugh's heir, was Osbern FitzHugh who was also sometimes known as Osbern de Say, who gave Neen to Baldwin le Poer. Baldwin left three daughters, Eustacia, Petronella, and Elena, and Hugh de Say, nephew and heir of Osbern, gave the control of their lands to Roger de Solars, of Dorstone, Herefordshire. Petronella le Poer married Engeran de Freyne (Esse/Ash; Lat. Fraxino); Elena and Eustacia married members of the de Solars family, and, thus, Neen Baldwin became Neen Solars. The Freyne and the Solars families held land in Sutton Frene, Herefordshire.


The Cartulary of Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire Archaelogical Society, 1985, entry 932 reads: 'Dimissio eiusdem ad feodi firman.Abbot Alex, and the convent grant the messuage and virgate in Witebroc juxta Catrum Ricardi, which Osbern de Say gave him, to Reg. of Richard's Castle and his heirs for an annual rent of 10s. Osbern's younger brother, was Hugh; also called Hugh de Say after his mother. Dugdale's 'Monasticon', volume 4, p. 366, nos. xiii., re Godestow Nunnery, contains an entry which reads: 'Carta Osberti filii Hugonis de una Salina in Wichia. Hugh de Say mar. Lucy, the dau. of Walter de Clifford I.


1. William d'Hiemes (son of Richard III. of Normandy), mar. Lesceline de Harcourt, dau. of Turketil de Harcourt. 1.1. Pons FitzWilliam, mar. Basilea. 1.1.1. Richard FitzPons (Lord of Cantref Bychan, married Matilda FitzWalter, dau. of Walter FitzRoger, als Walter de Pitres,* Sheriff of Gloucester, and Bertha de Ballun; Matilda being the sister of Milo de Pîtres, 1st Earl of Hereford, and Constable of England, who mar. Sibyl de Neufmarché, dau. of Nesta (dau. of Osborn FitzRichard, aforementioned), and Bernard de Neufmarché. Milo de Pitres and Sybil de Neufmarche having issue: Margery of Gloucester, mar. Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford; Bertha of Hereford, wife of William de Broase; and Lucy of Hereford, wife of Herbert Fitz Herbert). Berta de Clifford, born Gloucestershire, ob. p. 1167, m. Elyas Giffard II. Walter de Clifford I., b. circ. 1115, mar. Margaret de Tosni; their dau., Lucy, as noted, being the wife of Hugh de Say (FitzRichard).


Hugh de Saye, who m. Lucy Clifford: They had at least two sons, Hugh FitzHugh, and Richard FitzHugh (and poss. Gilbert FitzHugh). The Cartulary of Haughmond Abbey, Shropshire Archaelogical Society, 1985, entry 1299 reads: 'Confirmacio eiusdem. Hugh de Say confirms his brother Osbert's (Osbern's) gifts of Wychbold mill and a virgate it Witebroc at Richard's Castle, which David held. Hiis testibus Waltero de Clifford et Ricardo fratre eius' (1186-90). Hugh FitzHugh, b. circa 1145, mar. Mabel Marmion, dau. of Robert Marmion. 'Rotuli Curiæ Regis, vol ii. p. 153, dated 1199, shows Mabel dau. of Robert Marmion, as the late wife of Hugh, who was dead by then. 'Curia Regis Rolls of the reigns of Richard I and John, 1922, p. 36, states sub. Wigorn, 1198 - 'Hugo de Ferrariis ponit loco suo Philippum de Grete versus Mabillam que fuit uxor Hugonis de Say de placito dotis ad lucrandum vel perdendum. 'Curia Regis Rolls of the reigns of Richard I. and John, 1922 ed., p. 413, states sub. Wigorn, 1200 - 'Mabilla de Say ponit loco suo Reginaldum virum suum versus Hugonem de Ferrariis de placito dotis, etc. Whilst there is no guarantee that this is the same Mabel, now remar. to Reginald, the mention of Hugh de Ferrars (then mar. to Margaret, Hugh de Say and Mabel's daughter) makes it very likely. Hugh de Ferrars died in 1204. Robert de Mortimer paid the king a 1000 mark fine to marry her in 1210. She was widowed for a second time when Robert de Mortimer died shortly before July 3rd 1219. Two days later she paid homage to the king and took possession of her inheritence from the Barony of Burford. Just four months later, in November 1219, she was given the king's blessing to marry for a third time, to William de Stuteville.


(Theoderic de Say, lord of Clun, was of a cadet branch of the family of Picot de Say. He had a son named Helias, whose son was Hugh de Say, who, circa 1174, gave Stokesay Church to Haughmond Abbey. 'His deed, making mention of his father Helias and his mother Egeline, was confirmed by Hugh de Lacy (who died in 1185) as seignoral lord. I have given, under Wheathill, a Charter by this Hugh de Say which is attested by his wife Olympias. The latest that I find of him is his essoigning his appearance in a lawsuit at Westminster on November 12, 1194, at which period his age was probably very great. The son and successor of Hugh de Say was a second Helias de Say; and I imagine Hugh's death to have taken place about the end of 1191. There are two Charters which evidently passed in a full County Court of Shropshire. One of them must have been executed early in 1195, the other either in 1195 or 1196, and both have the attestation of Helias de Sai in a prominent position. Helias de Say confirmed his father's grant of Stokesay Church to Haughmond. Before 1224 Helias de Say was dead. The Haughmond Chartulary preserves a Deed whereby he gave, with his body in burial, a merk rent to that House. It also preserves a part of his Will, in which, calling himself Elias de Say of Stoke, he commends his soul to God, his body to the Church of Haghmon, and together with his body gives the merk rent above mentioned, and also six oxen and one horse from Southstoke, and ten quarters (summas) of rye (Segle) growing on the ground at Northstoke, and ten quarters of oats in the barn of Southstoke. I infer that Helias de Say (II) died without issue; for his successor was his brother Robert, who was apparently a Clerk in Holy Orders. Robert de Say confirmed his brother Helias' grant of Stoke and Wetlington Mill to Haughmond. His death, without issue, is indicated by the fact that he was succeeded by a third brother, Walter.— Walter de Say, in or about the year 1240, was holding four knights'-fees under Walter de Lacy. These Fees may be thus divided, viz. Stoke upon Tern and Moreton Say—1 fee; Wheathill — 1 fee; Stokesay and its members — 2 fees. Walter de Say was a Benefactor to Haughmond Abbey. Styling himself Lord of Stoke, he gave "for the souls of himself and Anuria his wife, the whole Moor called Pencheres-medowe, as the bank of the Onie surrounded the said Moor under the Mill of Stokes and Wetlington, which Mill, Elias his brother gave to the Abbey. Witnesses,—Sir Thomas de la Lee, Hugh de Cheyne, Henry Mile. By another deed, Walter de Say, calling himself son of Hugh de Say, gave with his body, and for the souls of himself and Amicia his wife, half a merk rent of an assart in Stokesay Wood, viz. in Marlebeche. Witnesses,— Adam, Vicar of Stoke, Robert de Lacy' (Eyton, Antiq. Shrop. xi. 225). I append Mr. Eyton's notes in that it was this branch of the Say family that was associated with the de la Hulles).


Hulle followed the same path of Clifford inheritance: 'Hulle in Overs Hundred was a member of Burford, but there was another Hulle a member of Richard's Castle, not always distinguishable from this. The Hulle of which I now speak was held in 1221 by William de la Hulle, against whom William de Stuteville, having a suit at law, was essoigned. The Feodary which I have ventured to date about 1230 gives Robert de la Hulle as holding a twelfth part of a Knight's-fee in Hulle of the Barony of Richard's Castle, and it is noticeable that the tenure is stated between the tenures of Stoke and Tilsop. In 1240, Hugh de Hulle held an eleventh part of a fee in Hulle of the Barony of William de Stutevile.


'Hubaud's Fee: It is sometimes said to be in Overton, sometimes in Hulle, a place apparently near to Overton, but now lost. Sometimes it is described as in Overton and Hulle. The Hubolds or Hubauds were very ancient feoffees of the Lords of Richard's Castle. Between the years 1163 and 1173 I find that Hugh Hubald was Mesne-Lord of Stratton under Osbern fitz Hugh ... this same Hugh Hubald was also Osbern fitz Hugh's tenant of Ipsley, in Warwickshire, being probably a descendant of one Hugh, who held that Manor under Osbern fitz Richard at Domesday, and whose presumed descendants remained there in Dugdale's time. Henry Hubaud occurs in two Ipsley Fines, viz. in John 1 (1199-1200), and John 5 (1203-4). Dugdale thinks he was deceased in John 13 (1211-2), but was eventually succeeded by another Henry, his son. If so, the latter is he whom a Richard's-Castle Feodary (of about 1230) represents as holding half a knight's-fee in Overton and Hulle. ... Henry Hubouth was holding a knights-fee at Ipsley, in Warwickshire, in 1236; and Henry Hubaut was holding half a fee at Hulle, in Shropshire, in 124O, both of the Barony of Richard's Castle. Again in 1252 one Henry Hubald was Lord of Ipsley, while the Hundred-Roll of 1255 gives Henry Hubaud as holding 11 hides in Overton and Hulle.


A Charter of King Henry III, dated January 20, 1266, grants the estates of several Shropshire rebels to Matilda wife of Roger de Mortimer of Wigmore. Among others Hulle is thus bestowed; but the owner deprived thereof is said to be William (not Henry) Hubaud. If this is correct, William was perhaps undertenant to Henry, at Hulle, and shared in his rebellion. Dugdale gives further facts about Henry Hubaud, who, he says, died in 15 Edw. I (1286-7). Our Shropshire Feodary of 1284 gives Henry Hubaud as holding the vill of Hulle, and half the vill of Overton for half a knight's-fee under Robert de Mortimer' (Robert William Eyton, Antiquities of Shropshire, v. 5-6, p. 229, 1859).


'Hugo Hubald Norman occurs in Domesday Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire as a tenant of Osbern fitz Richard and Gilbert fitz Turold. Perhaps to be identified with the Hugh fitz Hubald de Paci, Eure, who was a benefactor of Saint-Taurin d'Evreux' (K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, Prosopography of persons occurring in English documents, 1066-1166: v. 1, p. 270, 1999; cit. Gall. Christ. xi, Inst. 138ff). 'Guillaume de Pacy, fils de Mathilde, donna sa terre de Quessigny; il était vassal de Guillaume de Breteuil (son of William FitzOsbern - M.S.) qui eut des possessions ... Le second donateur de la liste est Hugues, fils d'Hubald de Paci, vassal d'Osbern de Longueville' (Lucien Musset, Maylis Baylé, Aspects du monachisme en Normandie, p. 95, 1982).


Tout le canton actuel de Saint-André, c'est-à-dire la partie de l'ancien comté d'Evreux comprise entre l'Iton et l'Eure, fut jadis recouverte de boisqui s'étaient successivement détachés de la forêt d'Evreux. Un de ces bois, demeuré assez étendu pour être qualifié de forêt, fut donné au xvc siècle par Hugues, fils d'Hubald de Pacy, à l'abbaye de Saint-Taurin; le village de Paintourville en prit le nom, à dater du xm" siècle, et s'appela La Forêt du Parc (Le Prévost, Mémoires et notes, t. II, part, i, p. 121. On dit d'abord Nolre-Damede-Paintourville, puis Notre-Dame-de-la-Forét, puis simplement La Forêt).


Hugues, fils d'Hubald de Paci, donna à l'abbaye de Saint-Taurin, au xi siècle, la terre qu'il possédait à Paintourville, à l'exception, bien entendu, de ce que ses hommes libres tenaient dans ledit domaine. Osbern de Longueville confirma cette donation. Il accorda, en outre, la terre que tenaient Hugues Borse et Thihaud, le prêtre. Plus tard, Robert Malet et sa femme Emmeline ... donnèrent l'église de Paintourville (ibid.).


Hugh Hubald's possible association to the Crespin family is suggested through Robert Malet's wife, Emmeline Crespin. A connection of Guillaume de Paci to the Crespin family is given by Reginald Allen Brown (Anglo-Norman Studies vii.: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, p. 92, 1984), who noted that Gullaume de Paci held land in Mesnil-Simon, a Crespin fief. This does not confirm a blood relationship between Guillaume and Hubald de Paci. Neither can any male-line relationship between the Hubalds and the de la Hulles be inferred.


                                                                                                                                          DE LA HULLE


1. Hugh de la Hulle. To repeat: The first in the pedigree is Hugh de la Hulle, who held the estate of Hulle, that is, Court of Hill, in the parish of Burford, in this county, as the eleventh part of a knight's fee, of the Barony of Stuteville, in the reigns of Richard I. and John, us appears by the Testa de Nevill The family afterwards removed into the north of the county,by marriages with the coheiresses of Wlenkeslow, Buntingsdale, Styche, and Warren. The castle still borne in the coat of Hill is found on the seal of William Hill in the reign of Richard II. Court of Hill, the original seat of the Hills, was bequeathed in the reign of Queen Elizabeth to the second son of the eldest branch of the family, in whose line it continued.


Robert de Mortimer acquired the barony of Burford and Richard's Castle by 1210. He was still living in Easter term,1219, but was deceased before 5 Jul. He mar. Margaret de Say, relict of Hugh de Ferrers,* and after his death she m., thirdly, William de Stuteville, and appears to have died before the autumn of 1242. *1. Robert de Ferrers, mar. Margaret Peverel. 1.1. Walkelin (William) de Ferrers. 1.1.1. Hugh de Ferrers, m. Margaret de Say.


1.1. William de la Hulle. 'Hulle in Overs Hundred was a member of Burford, but there was another Hulle a member of Richard's Castle, not always distinguishable from this. The Hulle of which I now speak was held in 1221 by William de la Hulle, against whom William de Stutevill, having a suit at law, was essoigned. The Feodary which I have ventured to date about 1230 gives Robert de la Hulle as holding a twelfth part of a Knight's-fee in Hulle of the Barony of Richard's Castle, and it is noticeable that the tenure is stated between the tenures of Stoke and Tilsop. In 1240, Hugh de Hulle held an eleventh part of a fee in Hulle of the Barony of William de Stuteville.


1.1.1. Robert de la Hulle. In 1255, Roger de Pyvelesdon is mentioned as custos of the heir of Robert de la Hulle: 'Adam Wele holds 1 hide of land at ferm in la Hulle, until the age of the heir of Robert de la Hulle, from Roger de Pyvelesdon, for the 11th part of a knight's fee and does suit to the Hundred' (Rot. Hundred, volume ii, p. 74, also mentioned on p. 344 of v. 4 of Eyton's Salop). It is assumed that Robert de la Hulle m. one of Roger de Pyvelesdon's sisters. Roger de Pyvelesdon's son was Sir Roger de Pyvelesdon, Sheriff of Anglesey, who mar. Agnes le Clerk, dau of David le Clerk of Malpas; their son being Sir Richard de Pyvelesdon of Emral, Sheriff of Caernarvonshire (fl.1316), who mar. Agnes Warren, dau. of Griffith Warren of Warrenhall (to which family the de la Hulles were to intermarry); their daughter, Alice de Pyvelesdon, was the wife of Robert de Harley, son of Sir Nicholas de Harley and Isabella de Mytton, by whom she had a son, Sir Philip de Harley. A charter of 1255 confirms that Roger de Pyvelesdon grants to Robert de Harlegh in frank marriage with Alice his daughter half a mark annual rent which William de Dirwill paid for a tenement held under the grantor in the vill of Farlawe, co. Salop (Dugdale's Manuscripts, volume xxxix, f. 80).


In 1255, the Jurors of Overs Hundred, of whom Adam Wele was one, represented the said Adam as holding a hide at ferm in La Hulle under Roger de Pyvlesdone, till the heir of Robert de la Hulle should be of age. It was held for the eleventh part of a knight's-fee, and did suit to the Hundred. The Record does not state the fact that it was held under William de Stutevill as Lord Paramount, nor yet that Roger de Pyvlesdone was Guardian only of the heir; which I presume to have been the case. Simon de la Hulle. At the Assizes of 1256 Adam Wele was Bailiff of Overs Hundred, but Simon de la Hulle, whom I take to have been his late Ward, occurs as Surety for Hamo de Curzun in a Lawsuit. Adam Wele appears on a local Jury in 1259, and in 1272 has been mentioned under Shire,a place close adjoining to Hulle. About 1266 we have had Symon de la Hulle attesting Hugh de Mortimer's Charter to the Burgesses of Burford. Adam de la Hulle. At the Assizes of 1272, and at the Overs Inquisition in November 1274, Simon de la Hulle was a Juror, and in December following both he and Adam Wele sat on the Inquest on the death of Hugh de Mortimer. Adam Wele was a Juror at the Assizes of 1272 and on a Greet Inquest in 1278. In Trinity Term 1283, Symon de la Hulle was I think dead, leaving a son Adam, and a widow Dionysia, now the wife of Ralph de Shyreburne. This is suggested by a Fine wherein the said Ralph and Dionysia his wife quit-claim to Adam de la Hulle a messuage and a third part of a virgate in Hulle which was Dionysia's dower in the inheritance of the said Adam. For this release Adam gave 9 merks.


The Feodary of 1284 gives Adam de la Hull as holding the vill of Hull in Overs Hundred under Robert de Mortimer by one-siwth of a Knight's-fee. The Inquest on Robert de Mortimer's death in 1287 gives Adam de la Hulle as still Tenant of the Hamlet of Hulle, of 20 ... annual value, but as held by the eleventh part of a Knight's-fee. At the Assizes of 1292 Adam de la Hulle was a Juror for Overs Hundred.


'The distinguished family of the Hills is both ancient and widely extended. It is probable that their original seat was at Hulle, now called Court of Hill, an elevated and beautiful spot on the south side of a hill, named the Titterstone Clee, in the chapelry of Nash, and parish of Burford, in the county of Salop. Mr. Blakeway, a very eminent and accurate Shropshire antiquary, informs us that the earliest notice he has found of them is in the 30th of Edward I, in a deed granted to certain persons by the prior and monks of Worcester, and which is attested, among other witnesses, by William and Adam de la Hull; to the former of whom it is also upon record that lands were granted, by William de Mortimer, canon of Hereford, at a period of as early a date as December 13th, 1311. Grants of land, it has likewise been ascertained, were made to the then existing chaplain of Nash (Esse), by William de la Hulle, to pray for the souls of himself, Alice his late wife, and two others, in the 5th of Edward III. William de la Hulle had a son called Hugh de Hull of Hull, who married and removed into the north-eastern quarter of Shropshire' (Elizabeth Sidney, Rowland G.P Hill, The Life of the Rev. Rowland Hill, op. cit.1835). William de la Hulle, m. Alice de Bagardsley, of Bagardsley, Salop. Adam de la Hulle was succeeded as Lord of Hulle by William de la Hulle, whom I take to have been son of the said Adam; but cotemporary with, and probably holding under William, was another Adam de la Hulle, whose father's name appears to have been Hugh. A Deed, which has been set forth under Boraston, exhibits William de la Hulle and Adam de la Hulle as fellow-witnesses in 1301-2. By Fine levied in Easter Term 1305, John de Horsued and Coustancia his wife, and Hugh Body and Alianore his wife, Tenants of two Mills in La Hull, quit-claim the same, for themselves and the heirs of Constancia and Alianore, to William de la Hull and Alice his wife. The Fine purports to be the result of a Plea of Convention; and William de la Hull paid 100s. for the same. Again, in Easter Term 1307 a fine was levied between William de la Hull and Alice his wife, plaintiffs, and Adam son of Hugh de la Hull, Deforciant, of one messuage, one carucate of land, 8 acres of meadow, 40 acres of bosc, and 17s. rent in Hyntes, whereof the parties had a plea of convention. William de la Hull first acknowledges that the premises are the Deforciant's by his (William's) gift, whereupon Adam concedes them to William and Alice and the heirs of William, to hold of the Lords of the Fee. For this, William is said to give £10. The Inquest held at Burford, April 2, 1308, on the death of Matilda, widow of Hugh de Mortimer, gives William de la Hull as then holding the Hamlet of La Hulle for the eleventh part of a knight's-fee, of the Lords of Burford. Adam de Hulle was one of the Jurors who made this return.


By Deed dated at Bishop's Castle, Dec. 14, 1311, William de Mortimer, Canon of Hereford, gives, for a sum of money, to William de la Hulle and Alice his wife, a messuage and lands in Rokhulle and Greete, together with all rents and services due from William son of Roger de Ledewych, Geoffrey son of Peter de Rokhulle, and William son of the Lady of Greete.— Witnesses: John le Muneter, Lord of Whyttone, Philip Lord of Greete, Walter de Clifford.


William de la Hulle was certainly living in 1331, when he grants to John Baret his Nephew, Chaplain of Ash Stormi (i.e. Nash), certain land, to pray for the souls of the Grantor and of Alice his late wife, for the souls of his heirs and successors and of Geoffrey de Cornwall, Lord of Burford, and Margaret his wife' (Eyton, Antiq. Shrop., v. 4, p. 342, 1857). 1037/21/62A. Sunday before Christmas. 12 Edward 3. 19th December 1338. Grant by William de la Hulla to William Schourhard of Schirburne and Johanna his wife for a certain sum of money which they have paid him, of 2 pieces of his land, of which 1 piece lies in Schirburne, just as is marked and limited by a ditch, the other piece of land of 7 strips lies at Le Puttes in the field de la Hull in width between his own land on one side, and the land of Robert Fugator on the other and extends above his land at Wynthill. To hold by William and Johanna and their heirs of Wm. de la Hull and his heirs for ever. Paying annually 6d in silver in equal portions at Lady Day and Michaelmas for all secular service and demands, saving 12d heriot and 12d for relief when it shall arise; also conceded to William and Johanna common pasture in all places where his tenants possess it, and licence to collect fern, broom, mircum and heather within his woods. Possession warranted against all mortals. Witnesses Richard Moyl, Richard Coterel, William Baret, Hugh Douill, Richard le Gardiner, and others. At Shirburne. William Baret was William de la Hulle's son-in-law. Hugh Hill, m. Eleanor de Wlonkeslow. 2919/2/9. No Date. Agreement between Dame Matilda (de) Corbet and John Reeve (prepositum) of Blecheleye and Amicia his wife Matilda leases to John and Amicia a messuage with curtilage and half virgate of land, and an acre of land called le Heldelond, with appurtenances within or without the said vill of Bleccheleye, for a term of years. For 5 marks sterling paid. They are to hold for their lives. Rent p.a. 8s 4d payable at Michaelmas and Ladyday for all secular service except the king's foreign service and except suit of court. If they have 5 pigs at the time of mast in the wood of Bleccheleye, they shall give Matilda her heirs and assigns their 3rd best pig for all the other pigs, and if their is no mast in the wood they shall give nothing. Heriot the best beast, all other cattle saved to them and their heirs. Warranty Witnesses:- Hugh de Say, William de Stuche, Hugh de Hulle, Richard del Het, Robert de Parrocks.


1. Hugh de Longslow, m. Alice FitzRobert. Cantlop at Domesday was a manor of one hide. The Saxon lord was Edric a freeman, and it was then worth 20s. After the Conquest, Norman Venator held it under Earl Roger de Montgomery, and its value had increased to 110s., besides a mill worth 10s. Norman was succeeded by Ralph de Pichford, who took his name from Pitchford. At an early date the manor was divided, one half going to Ulger Venator, ancestor of the hereditary Foresters of Bolas, and the other half to an ancestor of the Arundels of Tetneshull and Merebrook. About 1180, Robert Fitz William (grandson of Ulger) gave half the mill of Cantelhope to Shrewsbury Abbey. His son Hugh Fitz Robert, about 1225, gave his share of Cantlop to his daughter Alice, on her marriage with 1. Hugh de Longslow. In 1255, Hugh de Longslow and John de Arundel held Cantlop under the fief of de Pichford. 1.1. Hugo de Wrankeslowe ... Argent a cross sable on a canton gules crusilly argent a fess checky argent and azure, m. a dau. of Fulke FitzWarin, of Upton, Salop., son of Fulke IV. FitzWarin and Constance de Tosny. In 1290, Hugh de Longslow died seised of the other moiety. The Condover muniments carry on the history of this manor. 1.1.1. Hugh de Longslow. In 1314, Hugh lord of Longslow settled his estate in Cantlop on Nicholas de Picheford and Alice (Hugh's daughter) in tail; Hugh's other dau. m. Hugh de Hulle, father of William de Hulle, who held the manor of Berrington in 1363. The toponym Hulle or Hill derived from their domain of Hill Court, Burford, Salop. William de Hulle was the father of Griffin del Hulle, fl. 1426, of Bontanesdale, mar. a dau. of Griffith Warren of Hightfeld, Salop. who conveyed all his land in Cantelope to William Coton of Coton on Tern.


1. Warin de Metz, ob. p. 1115, Bramley, Shropshire, m. Melette Peverel, dau. of Pagan Peverel of Brunne. Mélanges historiques et archéologiques sur la Bretagne: 2e série, 1er fascicule: Par Anatole de Barthélémy: "... Joce de Dinan eut deux filles: l'aînée, Sibille, épousa Payn Fitz-John, molt vailant chevaler; la cadette, Hawoise, fut la femme de Foulques Il Fitz-Warin. Ce dernier était petite fils de Guarin ou Warin de Metz, à qui le roi Henri Ier avait donné le fief d'Alberbury et qui eut en outre Wittington par son mariage avec la nièce de William Peveril, sieur du Pic. ..." "The patriarch of the Fitz Warin family was a 12th century knight known as Warin de Metz, an individual whose identity has proved to be quite an enigma to countless generations of historians. Yeatman believed that Warin de Metz was no more than the grandson of Warin the Bald (le chauve) the first Norman Sheriff of Shropshire, who is known to have died c.1085. Although there is limited evidence from the late 11th century, Vitalis described Warin 'as a small man in body but great in spirit'. The History of Gmffudd ap Cyan, a Welsh source written during the 12th century, reports a major campaign against the Llyn peninsula mounted by several of the Marcher earls in alliance with the Welsh of Powys. What is notable is that Sheriff Warin is listed among the earls, could this simply have been a perception of his staus as Sheriff, or does it provide us with an insight into his lineage and true position in Norman society? Ashley had historically been held by the descendants of Warin de Metz, who is thought to have acquired the manor from Hamo Peverel during the reign of Henry I (1100-35). The Legend of Fouke le fitz Waryn recounts that Warin married the Peverel heiress Melette following a tournament of arms, which was reputedly held at the 'Castle of the Peak' (Peverel Casde, Castleton). Melette is generally believed to have been a daughter of Pagan (Payn), brother of Hamo, who Yeatman suggests was Robert of Normandy's standard-bearer during the first crusade (1098-1102).


1.1. Fulk I Fitz Warin, of Whittington and Alveston, ob. a. 1171, Alveston, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, m. Eva ... "Walcheline Maminot" granted Bradford Mill to Haughmond abbey by charter dated to 1145, witnessed by "Roger Fitz Warin and Fulk his brother". Henry II King of England confirmed the gift by "Willelmus Peverel" of a Knight´s Fee in Tadlow, Cambridgeshire to "Fulconi filio Warini", by charter dated 1154, witnessed by "Ricardo de Humet, Constabulario, Willelmo filio Hamonis". Henry II King of England granted "Watebergam" to "Fulconi filio Guarini" by charter dated Jan 1156. The 1155, 1156 and 1157 Pipe Rolls record "Fulconi fil Warini" at "Aloestan" (Alveston) in Gloucestershire, yielding £10 p. a.. The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Folc. fil War" in Shropshire The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Fulco filius Garin" in Warwickshire, Leicestershire in 1167/68. His date of death is fixed by the Pipe Roll recording the manor of Alveston to "Folcho fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1170, but to "Fulko son of Fulko fitz Warin" in Michaelmas 1171.


1.1.1. Fulk II. Fitz Warin, of Whittington and Alveston, m. Hawise, dau. and coheir of Josce de Dinan, br. of Oliver II de Dinan, Comte de Dinan, m. Agnorie de Penthievre, dau. of Étienne de Bretagne, Comte de Penthievre, Baron of Richmond, and Hawise de Guingamps. They were descendants of "Cangnard", "Alan de Cornwall" .......Comte de Nantes and Cornouailles, Duke of Brittany, and his wife "Judith de Bretagne", dau. of Judicaël de Nantes, comte de Nantes. Cangnard was the stepfather of Conan II., Count de Brittany (1030 - 1066), as he m (2) Berthe de Blois, Comtesse d'Aumale. Berthe de Blois, ou Berthe de Blois-Chartres, morte à Chartres après 1080, est fille du comte Eudes II de Blois, et la soeur de Thibaud III de Blois. En 1018, elle épouse le duc de Bretagne, Alain III. Whittington Castle lies on the English side of Offa's Dyke, which, in early history, was the Norman boundary between England and Wales. The site was fortified as a castle for William Peverel, in 1138, in support of Empress Matilda, the daughter of Henry I against King Stephen, grandson of William I, and claimant to the throne during the time known as The Anarchy. In the late 1140s, the lordship of Whittington, like Oswestry and Overton ceased to be part of England and became part of the Kingdom of Powys and a Welsh marcher lordship. In 1165 Henry II conferred the castle of Whittington on Roger de Powis, a Welsh leader, to whom he gave funds for its repair in about 1173. Roger de Powis was followed by his son Meurig (or Maurice), who was followed by his son Werennoc. A rival claim was made by Fulk III FitzWarin." Hawise's family origin and marriage are confirmed by two lawsuits recorded in 1194 in which, in the first, "Hawisia de Dinat …Fulkon fil Warin" and "--- Sibill de Dinat uxore" are named, and in the second "Fulko fil Warin … Hawiss uxor sue" and "Sibill uxor Hug de Plugenai". The 1194/95 Pipe Roll records "Fulcho f. Warini et Hawisa uxor eius" in Wiltshire. "Hawis de Dinan et Sibill soror eius" paid a fine for "de Bokeland, Corfton in Sumerset et de Hertilande in Devon … vs Oliverum de Dinan", dated 1204. Fulk III. Fitz Warin, of Whittington & Lambourn. 'Fulco filius Warini', made a grant of land in Alberbury, co. Salop. in founding a Benedictine priory, c. 1220-1230. '... pro anime mee, & Matilde uxoris mee, & Fulconis patris mee, & Hawise matris mee... de assensu Fulconis filii & heredis mei,... testibus: Will'o filio Warini, Henrico de Traci, Aldulpho de Braci, ... Hugone de Hoe ...' He m. Maud le Vavasour, dau. of Robert le Vavasour and Julian de Ros. Maud had m. 1stly, Theobald Walter, ancestor of the Butlers, later Earls of Ormund, and 2ndly, in 1207, Fulk FitzWarin. (Complete Peerage, XII/2:231, note 1). Fulk m. 2. Clarice d' Auberville; their dau., Mabel, m. 2. John de Tregoz, widow of William de Crevequer (ob. a. 6 April 1263), dau. of Sir Fulk Fitz Warin, of Whittingtoll, Salop, and Alveston, co. Gloucester. She died shortly before 24 May 1297 (Complete Peerage XII/2:20-2). John de Tregoz was the son of Robert II. de Tregoz, lord of Ewyas, and Juliane de Canteloup. Maud ("dame Mahaud de Caus") was bur. in "une priorie en le honour de Nostre Dame Seinte Marie de le ordre de Grantmont pres de Alberburs, en le boschage, sur la rivere de Sauverne". Fulk IV Fitz Warin (by Maud) of Whittington, who d. 14 May 1264, being drowned in the Ouse, when endeavouring to escape, at the battle of Lewes, m. Constance, dau. of Sir Ralph de Tosny VI., of Castle Maud (now Painscastle), co. Radnor, South Tawton, Devon, and Flamstead, Herts. (Complete Peerage V:495-7). Ralph de Tosny was born probably in 1189 or 1190. In 1204, with his father and brother or brothers, he was excluded by the King of France from the terms of the pacification in Normandy. King John ordered the manors of Saham and Ryhcot to be restored to him, 5 November 1213; and he was with the King at Partenay, in Poitou, 26 May 1214. Presumably he supported John in the civil war, for on 7 April 1216 the King granted him the lands which had been held by Richard de Montfichet in Essex, Bucks, Cambridge, Norfolk, Suffolk and Hunts; but soon afterwards he must have joined the rebellious barons, for John ordered the sheriff of co. Worcester, 16 July 1216, to give Robert de Mortimer seisin of the land of Abberley, held by Ralph, and on 5 September following he gave the manor of Flamstead to Waleran Tyes. By Henry III Ralph was granted the manor of Newport, Essex, during pleasure, 27 June 1218. Shortly before 20 September 1233 he was given the custody of Maud Castle (Painscastle, co. Radnor); and later in that year he and John de Monmouth were appointed generals of the Poitevin mercenaries in the Welsh marches against the Earl of Pembroke and Llewellyn. On 11 March 1233 he was ordered to keep the truce with Llewellyn until 25 July; with other nobles he was forbidden, 2 September 1234, to go to tournaments arranged at Northampton, Cambridge or elsewhere; and he was summoned, 7 March 1237, with other barons of the Welsh marches, to be at Oxford after Easter to confer with the King. In 1239 he took the Cross and set out for the Holy Land. He is said to have founded a monastery in the west of England. Ralph m. Petronilla de Lacy, dau. of Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath, and Margaret de Braose, c. 1233, in England.


Ralph was the son of Roger de Tosny V., styled also de Conches, who was only a little boy at his father's death, and took no part in affairs until after the accession of Richard I. On 25 November 1189, he was with the King at Westminster; on 6 December at Dover; and doubtless he crossed to Calais with Richard on 12 December. On 2 January 1189, at Verneuil, Roger de Toeny and Gilbert Crespin of Tillières in the King's presence made gifts to St. Evroul; and as they were about to leave for Jerusalem and had not their seals with them, the King at their request confirmed the agreement with his own seal. Roger with his brothers and kinsfolk called "de Cornebu" (sic recte Tornebu) reached Acre about 8 June 1191. He m. Constance, dau. of Richard de Beaumont, hereditary vicomte of Maine. Constance, whose sister Ermengard m. William the Lion, King of Scotland, brought her husband in free marriage the manor of Ailrichescot (South Tawton) in Devon, which Henry I had given in free marriage with her grandmother, his illegitimate daughter Constance, to Roscelin de Beaumont, styled Vicomte de Beaumont. She seems to have possessed considerable influence and to have enjoyed favour with John; but the King of France confiscated her Norman lands. Roger was living, 29 December 1208, but died shortly afterwards, probably in January 1208. His widow had Stratfield restored to her after his death. She was living in 1226 across the seas (Complete Peerage XII/1:765-9).


Roger was the son of Seigneur Ralph IV de Tosny de Conches, and Judith de Huntingdon, dau. of Waltheof II Siwardsson of Huntington, Earl Of Northumbria, and Lady Judith de Lens of Boulogne. Waltheof was the son of Siward "Digera" Bjornsson Earl of Northumbria, a Dane, who perhaps came to England with Cnut. His marriage had given him some claim to the hereditary Earldom of Northumberland, and, in or before 1042, the murder of his wife's uncle Eadulf put him, as Earl, in possession of the whole of Northumbria, from Humber to Tweed. He was presumably Earl also of Northampton and Huntingdon. He gave active support to the Confessor against Earl Godwin and his sons, and in 1054 led a force of English and Danes against the Scottish usurper Macbeth, which put Malcolm, 'regis Cumbrorum filium'. upon his murdered father's throne Siward married Ælfled (Elfleda) of Bernicia, dau. of Ealdræd, Earl of Bernicia. Siward was the son of Björn Styrbornsson, son of Styrbjörn "Sterki" (the Strong) Olafsson, Prince of Sweden, and Thyra Haraldsdottir, Queen of Norway, dau. of Harald "Blåtand" (Blue Tooth) Gormsson, King of Denmark and Gyrithe Ólafsdottir of Denmark. Sir Fulk V. Fitz Warin, 1st Baron FitzWarin of Whittington, m. Margaret ferch Gruffudd, dau. of Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn, Prince of Powys, and Hawise le Strange, before 25 Feb. 1276. Margaret ferch Gruffudd was born c.1258 in Wales, and died on 11 May 1336. Margaret was the sister of Owain Ap Gruffudd, Lord de la Pole Owain m. Joan de Corbet, dau. of Sir Robert de Corbet, of Moreton Corbet, and Katherine le Strange. Their dau., Hawise, m. Sir John de Cherleton, 1st Baron Cherleton of Powys, son of Robert de Cherleton and Eleanor de Holand, before 26 Aug 1309. Hawise le Strange was the dau. of John III le Strange, Lord of Knockyn, and Lucy de Tregoz, dau. of Sir Robert I. de Tregoz of Ewyas and Sybilla de Ewyas, heiress of Ewyas. Hawise was the sister of (1) John IV. le Strange, Lord of Knockyn, who m. Joan, dau. of Roger de Somery, by Nichole, dau. and coheir of William de Aubigny, Earl of Arundel, by Mabel, sister and heir of Ranulph, Earl of Chester. He died on or before 26 February 1275, probably by drowning, before 2 February (Complete Peerage XII/1:351). (2) Robert le Strange of Chalton & Wrockwardine. Robert m. Alianore de Warenne, heiress of Blancminster, dau. of William de Warenne of Blancminster and Clemence, c. 1250 in Blancminster, Norfolk. Their son was Fulk le Strange, 1st Baron le Strange of Blackmere, who m. Eleanor Giffard, dau. of John de Giffard and Maud de Clifford. ... Fitz Warin. To repeat: Hugh de Wrankeslowe (Longslowe) m. a dau. of Fulke FitzWarin, of Upton, Salop., son of Fulke IV. FitzWarin and Constance de Tosny. His son and namesake, Hugh lord of Longslowe, settled his estate in Cantlop on Nicholas de Picheford and Alice (Hugh's daughter) in tail; Hugh's other dau. mar. Hugh de Hulle, father of William de Hulle, whose mother's ancestry boasted descent from the ruling houses of Bretagne, Denmark, and Maine. William de Hulle (William Hill), m. Johanna de Buntingsdale. His father surrendered to him one moiety of the ville of Wlonkeslowe and one carucate of land in Hull, as appears by Inquisition Post Mortem in 1370. He at that time paid license of 40s to received the same. 1037/3/60. Monday after Easter 51 Edward III (30 March 1377). Gift by William Atkys of Brocton and Alice his wife to William de la More in Corvedale his heirs and assigns of 4 acres land lying in a certain field of Brocton called le Morefeld (one acre lies near Broctonescros between land of Thomas de Hulle on one part and land of William de Hulle on the other: another acre lies between land of Richard Smalmon on one part and land of the lord of Brocton on the other and extends to Broctonesmor, with a certain meadow adjoining: the third acre lies in the same field with a certain meadow and extends towards le Foulessich near Corve as far as land of Richard Smalmon of Lardene; the 4th acre lies near Othullesyate with a certainmeadow at the head and extends to Corve.


1037/3/82. Saturday before the feast of SS Simon and Jude. 11 Henry IV. (26 October 1409). One acre lies near Broctonescros between land of Thomas de Hull on one part and land of William de Hull on the other: another acre lies between land of Richard Smalmon on one part and land of the lord of Brocton on the other; and extends as far as Broctonesmor, with a certain meadow adjoining; the third acre lies in the same field with a meadow at the head and extends towards Foules--sich near Corve as far as land of Richard Smalmon of Lardene; the 4th acre lies in --ochullesyate, with a certain meadow at the head and extends as far as Corve. 1037/3/83. Tuesday after the feast of St Martin the bishop. 3 Henry V (12 November 1415). Gift by William de Brocton to John rector of the church of Thongelond and Roger perpetual Vicar of the church of Stauntonlonge, of one parcel of meadow lying in Dademor near Corve and extending from from an acre of land formerly William de la Hulle's as far as an acre which William de la More formerly acquired from Richard le Crompe: and one selion of land lying between land formerly Alice Tomkis's on one part and a selion of William de Brocton's on the other, which William de la More acquired from Richard le Crompe in exchange for one acre of land, 2 selions with a parcel of pasture atthe end lying in the field of Brocton between land of Roger de la Hulle and land of Roger Gour' and extending from Dademor to land formerly of William de la Hulle. To hold of the chief lord for the services laid down in the original deed. Warranty. Witnesses:- Peter Bastard of Wenlok, Richard Bynethewey of Wilderchop, Richard de Hopton of Shipton. Given at Lardeyn. Gruffudd Hill, m. Elizabeth Styche, of Styche-with-Woodlands, Moreton Say, Salop, relict of Hywel ap Gwilym. He m. (2) Margaret Warren, of Ightfield, Salop. Humphrey Hill, of Buntingsdale, Market Drayton, Salop, described as son and heir of Griffith Hill in the Inquisition Post Mortem of his father, 12 Henry VI, 1433/1434. He mar. Anne Bird, b. 1414, dau. of John Bird of Charlton, Malpas, Cheshire; niece and heiress of David de Malpas.


'This family, whose maternal family-name was originally written Hull, Hulle, and de la Hulle, have been long resident in Shropshire, and can be traced previous to Edward I.; and Hugh de Hull, having m. the eldest daughter and co-heir of Hugh de Wlonkeslowe, was seated at Hull and Wlonkesiowe in the reign of Edward II. From Hugh proceeded Geoflrey, who m. the daughter of Warring, lord of Ightfield, descended from Hamlyn Plantagenet, who became earl of Warren and Surrey in right of his wife; Humphrey, his son and heir, was called Hill, and m. the daughter and co-heir of John Bridde, by the heir of sir David de Malpas, descended from Hugh Kevelioc, and the other ancient earls of Chester: from this marriage came several branches of the family of Hill' (Debrett v. i. 467). Henry Hill als Harris, m. Sionett, dau. of Meredith ap Howell. The pedigree of Harris of Stockton was entered in the Visitation of 1623. They claimed descent from "Henricus Hull, al's Harris" and Sion'et filia M'red'd ap Howell de Geri." Az. on a chevron arg. between 3 hedgehogs or, a crescent for a difference (Harl. 1396). Their arms were those of the Heriz family of Notts., and were granted to the Harris families of Abcote, Boreatton, and Stockton in 1619/1620, as a result of a Court of Chivalry hearing. It is not now known in what way Henry Hill, the common ancester of these families, as well as the Harris of Cruckton, was particularly connected to Sara Heriz and her immediate descendants so that the Heriz arms could be claimed. The wife of 'Henricus Hull' is also problematical, as the Will of her supposed mother (1416) does not mention her. John Hill als Harris, m. Jacosa Acton. (1. Fulke L'Estrange. (aform.; neph. of Hawise le Strange, grandmother of Hugh de Hulle's wife). 1.1. Eleanor L'Estrange mar. Edward Acton. 1.1.1. Richard Acton. Jacosa Acton, mar. John Hill als Harris, son of Henricus Hill. 1.2. Maud L'Estrange, mar. Griffin Warren de Ightfield. 1.2.1. Griffin Warren de Ightfield. ... Warren, m. Gruffud Hill, son of William Hill, son of Hugh de Hulle and Eleanor de Wlonkeslow (Longslowe). Fulke L'Estrange's sister, Elizabeth le Strange, m. by Mar. 1323, Sir Robert Corbet of Moreton Corbet. I suppose Henricus and Gruffud Hill to be closely related. This Acton family is descended from: 1. William, de Acton Burnell, living 14 Edw. III. 1340, who had two sons, John and Edward; John gave to his br. Edward, all his lands in Acton Burnell and Acton Piggot, 16 Edw. III. 1349. LB/5/2/221. 27 Dec 1390. Petronilla daughter and heir of John de Actone of Lodelowe have given etc to Thomas Rawlyns and Hugh Ferror chaplains and Hugh Hoptone of Lodelowe all my tenement situated in the town of Lodelowe in Oldestrete between the tenement of Richard de Assheford on the one side and the tenement of the Palmers Gild on the other side and stretching in the one head from the said street to the walls of the said town; And also one orchard outside the walls of the said town in Galdeford between the orchard of Thomas le Rye and of Johan his wife on one side and the tenement of de la Hulle on the other side and stretching to the Town Ditch to have and to hold of me and my heirs to them and their heirs etc; Witn: William Orltone, Richard Scot then bailiffs of Lodelowe, Philip Lyngeyn, William Broke, Richard Dyare, etc; at Lodelowe Tuesday St John the Evangel ist A. R. 14 Richard II. John Harris, m. Janet, dau. of Simon Henald. This causes some confusion. To clarify: 1. John Henald. 1.1. Simon Henald, of Chirbury. The Henauds or Henalds, lords of Frodesley in 1230, were also lords of Marton as early as 1240 (Eyton's Antiq. of Shropshire, vol. xi, p. 81). In the Nomina villarum of 1316, John Honaud was enrolled lord of Frodesley (Ib. vol. vi, pp. 292-4). In the same, John de Henaud, Regis de Mathehurst, and Simon de Henaud, b. circ. 1380, were enrolled as joint lords of Marton (Ib. vol. xi, p. 83). Simon Henald m. Cecily Rossel, dau. of Sir Peter Rossel. 1.1.1. Dorothy Henald, b. circ. 1310, m. Walter Acton alias Walter le Scott*; his sister, Jane le Scott, m. Richard Scriven; their son, Reginald Scriven, m. Joanna Henald, as follows: 1.2. John Henald, b. circ. 1280. 1.2.1. John Henald, b. circ. 1310. His descendant, Simon Henald, b. circ. 1410, had a dau., Janet, m. to John Harris. Joanna Henald, b. circ. 1340, m. Reginald Scriven, fl. 1389. *He must be distinguished from his namesake, the son of Edward Acton and Alionore L'Estrange, aforesaid. Edward Acton was the son of William de Acton, whose br. or cousin was Walter Acton alias Walter le Scott of Acton Scott. John Harris was the ancestor of the Harris families of Abcote, Boreaton (of Wheathill), and Stockton. I take it that his uncle was Roger Harris, who had the same connections to the Rye and Hopton families of Ludlow as John Hill als Harris, and would have perhaps been his brother or cousin. At a later date, the Harris family of Cruckton had strong ties to these Hoptons, and it is reasonable to suggest that their ancestor was Roger Harris, as the recorded lineage of John Harris and Janet Henald is distinct to that of the Cruckton Harris. Harris was mostly recorded as Harries, which I take to be a variation of Heriz. It should be stressed that the granting of the Heriz arms was by female descent; these Harris were not male-line Heriz. Roger Harris. 1093/2/556. 1405. Tuesday after the feast of the Finding of Holy Cross 6 Henry, IV (5 May 1405). Quitclaim (1) Johanna lately wife of Thomas Rye of Lodelowe, (2) William Roberts All rights in a meadow in le Mersche between the meadow nce of Philip Holgot on the one side and the meadow of Thomas vicar of the church of Stanton Lasy on the other Witnesses: Richard Sibbeton, Richard Dier, John leynthale, Roger Harris, Thomas Tepe. LB/5/2/98. 29 Mar. 1407. Hugh Hoptone of Lodelowe have granted etc. to John Bryddewode, Thomas Hagur chaplains, William Robardes of Stauntone Lacy, Roger Harrys, .... William Colle and John Baudewyn of Leominstre all those my lands and tenements with appurtenances situated ...... of Lodelowe between the tenement lately Hugh Cheyne, knights, on one side and the tenement of the Palmers Gild on the other side and stretching from the said street to the town walls, And also one orchard garden outside the town walls in Galdeford which lies between the orchard lately Johan Rye's on one side and the tenement once William Hulles on the other side and stretching to the town ditch; I have also granted to John and Thomas and William, Roger, William, William, and John all those lands and tenements which I lately had jointly with Thomas Haukyns and Hugh Ferrour chaplains from the gift and feoffment of Johan once wife of Richard Asscheford in Seete and Stevyntone as in a charter of feoffment to Thomas, Hugh and me, to have and to hold to them their heirs and assigns of the chief lords of that fee for services owed for ever; Witn: Richard Sybbetone then bailiff ... William Parys, Henry Heordeley. John Seete, John Tuppa, John Cocke, Thomas Adys, etc.; at Lodelowe, Tuesday after Lady Day A.R. 8.

Henry IV.


Sir Gervase Clifton, Sheriff of Notts and Derbys in 1344, m. Margaret Pierpont. She was the dau. of Robert de Pierpont and Sara de Heriz. Their son was Robert Clifton, who m. Agnes de Grey, dau. of Reginald de Grey, of Ruthin, Earl of Pembroke, obit. 1338. Agnes was the sister of Reginald de Grey, 2nd. Lord of Ruthyn, obit. 1440, who m. Aleanor le Strange,* dau. of John Le Strange, 2nd. Baron Blackmere, great-nephew of Hawise le Strange, grandmother of Hugh de la Hulle's wife. Their son, Sir John Grey, obit. 1439, mar. Constance Holland, dau. of John Holland, son of Thomas de Holland and Maud de la Zouche. *Her third-cousin, of the same name, dau. of Fulke Le Strange, son of John IV.le Strange, aform, mar. (1387) Edward Acton; to them: Richard Acton; his dau., Jacosa, mar. John Hill als Harris.


Edmund Grey, son of Sir John Grey and Constance Holland, mar. Katherine Percy, dau. of Henry Percy (5th. Lord); their son, George Grey, 2nd. Earl Kent, mar. Katherine Herbert, dau. of William Herbert, 1st. baron. Herbert. Her sister, Anne Herbert, mar. John Grey, 1st. Baron Grey of Powys, obit. 1497; their son, John, 3rd Lord Grey of Powys, obit. Apr. 15, 1504, mar. Margaret Sutton; her sister's grandau. m. Richard Harris of Cruckton, as follows.


Robert Clifton's son, John Clifton, m. Katherine de Cressi. Gervase Clifton, obit. 1453: Of this generation 'was a notable Sir Gervase Clifton, of this family, who sometimes hath been thought to be son of this Sir John Clifton; but whether he was brother or cousin, I cannot yet discover; he mar. Isabel, dau. of Harbard (Herbert), alias Finch, of Bradbourn, in Kent, the widow of William Scot (Sheriff of Kent), and was several times in the reign of H. 6. Sheriff of Kent. He was, 23 H. 6. Lieutenant of Dover Castle, under Humfry Duke of Gloucester. After Robert Lord Willughby, of Eresby, and Thomas Nevil, he was third husband to Maud Stanhope, niece and co-heir of Raph Lord Crumvel, by Maud his sister, second wife of Sir Richard Stanhope.


1. Robert de Heriz I., ob. ante. 1128, who held Stapleford, Tibshelf, Wingfield, and Oxcroft, was mesne tenant of William Peverel. Robert was Sheriff of Nottingham, 1110-1122 (Judith A. Green, The Government of England under Henry I., p. 221, 1989). He was a King's Commissioner who witnessed charters of Robert de Ferrers, 1st. Earl Derbys. He was 'probably son of the Domesday tenant' ('Robert'), who held Tibshelf and Stapleford (Notts.) under William Peverel (G. Turbutt, A history of Ogston, p. 226, 1975). The Heriz family held the fief of La Hérissiere in La Rochelle, situated six miles from Avranches, in the canton of Haye-Pesnel, from whence also came the Paynels, Beauchamps, Earls of Warwick and Worcester, and the family of Soleni, founders of the Abbey of Lucerne. Hérissiere was a 'fief de Haubert', that is, held of the ducal family (D. N. V. XI. P. 379, 1776). It was also called La Rochelle-le-Hericiere (ibid.), and 'la Rochelle-Ambleville'. 1.1.Ivo I. de Heriz, Sheriff of Nottingham and Derbyshire, 1127-1129 (W. A. Morris, The Medieval English Sheriff to 1300, p. 82, 1927). 1.1.1. Robert de Heriz II., obit. 1198, Sherriff of Nottingham, married Agnes Alcher, dau. and co-heiress of Gilbert Alcher, who held land in Sudbury, Derbyshire, of the Agard family, tenants of the Ferrers. Robert de Heriz and Agnes had issue: Ivo II de Heriz II., obit. 1225, who married Hawise Briwere, sister of William de Briwere, to whom King John gave the forfeited estates of the Peverel family. John I. de Heriz, whose wife, Sarah de Heriz, married, secondly, Jollan de Neville. Ivo III. de Heriz, constable of Peak Castle, 1255, founded by William Peverel I. This Ivo was closely connected to Thomas de Furnival II., Sheriff of Derbys. and Notts, who witnessed donation charters of Blythe Monastery, 1280, with 'John de Heryce and Hug. de Pierpoint' being co-signatories (Dodsw. Coll. W. 132.) Thomas de Furnival's cousin, Alice mar. Thomas Foljambe. Henry de Heriz, d.s.p. 1273. John II. de Heriz, d. 1299, who married Maud de Loudham, whose father and grandfather had been witnesses to charters of Ivo II. de Heriz (Foulds, Thurgarton Cartulary, p. cxlvi-clvii). John III. de Heriz, obit.1329 (C.I.P.M. vii. no. 234). Sara de Heriz, married Robert de Pierpoint; by which match this family, a long time after, increased their patrimony, by the addition of the lordships of Gonaldeston and Widmerpole, in this County; which Sir Henry Pierpont, 19 H. 6. claimed as son of Edmund, son of Edmund, son of Henry, son of the said Sara, sister of the said John Heriz' ('Parishes: Holme-Pierrepont', Thoroton's History of Nottinghamshire: volume 1: Republished with large additions by John Throsby (1790), pp. 177-181). John de la Hull. 1037/21/63. Tuesday after Trinity, 21 Edward 3. 5th June, 1347. Grant by William son of William le Sunge of Boreford to John son of Simon of Weston and Isabella his wife of all the lands and tenements in Grete and Weston which they formerly held of William his father; to hold of him and his heirs by John and Isabella for their lifetimes, paying 20s p.a. in equal portions at Lady Day and Michaelmas for suit of court and relief, and all other secular services and demands, saving heriot when it shall become due. After the deceases of John and Isabella the premises shall descend to Richard their eldest son, under the same conditions and rents as John and Isabella possessed same. If Richard should die during the life-time of John and only premises descend to William Isabella Possession warranted against all mortals. Witnesses. John de la Hull, William his brother, Richard de Clifford, Richard Coterel, Richard Aubin and others. At Weston 21. E. 3. John Harris of Cruckton, fl. 1463.  John Harris of Cruckton:


1. John Harris, bur. 1550, Cruckton, Pontesbury. 1.1. Richard Harris, d. 1543, m. Eleanor Jenyns, dau. of William Jenyns of Walybone, Shropshire. 1.1.1. John Harris of Cruckton, Pontesbury, bur. Apr. 12, 1614, burgess of Shrewsbury, m. Eleanor, dau. Thomas Prowde of Sutton. Richard Harris, of Cruckton, inherited the manor of Pontesbury; m. Anna Smalman. (Neenton, Shropshire: 1. ........ Wotmar. 1.1. William Wotmar. 1.1.1. Francis Wotmar. "1570. Jan. 18. Fraunces Wotmar ... chr."; m. Robert Wynne. 1.2. "1575, Sep. 25. Thom's Wotmar & Margery (Margaret) Smalman ... mar."; dau. of Edward Smalman and Eleanor Hopton (bur. June 14, 1580); sister of Thomas Smalman, thus, aunt of Anna Smalman, who m. Robert Harris of Cruckton; and sister of Katherine Smalman. "1580, Jan. 13. Humfry Norgrove & Katharyne Smalman ... mar.". "1577, "May 4. Edward Smaleman ... bur.". 1.2.1. "1576, June 24. Edward Wotmar ... bap.". 1.2.2. "1577, Feb. 13. Elenor Watmar, d. of Thom's ... bap.". 1.2.3. "1585, Michs. Thom's Wotmar, s. of Thom's, was babtised at Michlmas in the yeere aforsaid ... bap.". Marjorie (Smalman) Whatmore; mother of Peter Wynne, whose son, Robert Wynne, was speaker of the House in Virginia, and was bapt. at St. Dunstans, Canterbury on Dec. 28, 1622. His son, Thomas Wynne, m. (2) Agnes Stith, and had issue, Joseph, m. ---- Llewelyn; Robert Wynne, who m. Martha Jefferson; her sister, Mary Jefferson, m. Thomas Harris, obit. 1730 , Henrico, son of William Harris. It would seem almost certain that William and Thomas Harris were of the Cruckton Harris.


Richard's issue inc. (1) John Harris, aet. 15 in 1623; appears to have died without issue, as the estate passed on the death of his great niece to Lady Dormer. (2) Thomas Harris - bur. Feb. 15, 1678, Pontesbury, Shropshire; his son, Francis, m. Jane Owen. The Cruckton estate passd to her great aunt, Lady Dormer, who dying without issue devised the estate to her kinsman, Thomas Harries of Prescot. (3) Mary Harris, Lady Dormer, bur. May 21, 1697. m. (2) Fleetwood Dormer (Genealogy of Shropshire, Joseph Morris, vol. 2, p. 637; 1654. Fleetwood Dormer, gent. (m. firstly to Katherin Lygon), 3rd s. of Sir Fleetwood Dormer, of Lee Grange, co. Buckingham, by Mary Isham,* 3rd dau. of Sir Euseby Isham, of Braunston and Pytchley, co. Northampton; bapt. May 21, 1616; matric. Oxford (Pembroke Coll.), 1634, B.A., 1637; adm. Middle Temple, 1637; knighted at Whitehall, July 1, 1678; emigrated to Virginia; d.s.p. at Cheltenham, Aug. 27, 1696, having m., 2ndly, Mary Harris (Memorials of St. Margaret's church, Westminister, comprising the parish registers, 1539-1660, and other churchwardens' accounts, 1460-1603, p. 73). *Aunt of Henry Isham, who resided at Bermuda Hundred, Henrico Co., m. Katherine Banks, relict of Joseph Royall; issue i. Henry Isham; d. 1678. ii. Anne Isham, m. Col. Francis Eppes. iii. Mary Isham; m. Col. William Randolph. **Katherine Lygon was the dau. of John Lygon, Esq., of Arle Court,* Cheltenham, and wife of Sir Fleetwood Dormer, of Arle Court, who emigrated to Virginia, But he appears to have returned; for in one of the Cheltenham registers there is this entry : — "Dyed here y 27 August, 1696." *Uncle of Thomas Lygon, who m. Mary Harris. Thus, Mary Harris mar. Fleetwood Dormer, whose deceased wife was first-cousin of Thomas Lygon - she became the stepmother of John Dormer of Lee Grange, Quainton, Bucks., who mar. Katherine, dau. of Thomas Woodward of Ripple, Worcs.


(The Lysters of Rowton, Shropshire, who were Merchant Drapers, were descended from John Lyster of Derby. William Lyster purchased the Rowton estate in 1482. His son was John Lyster, cousin of *Sir Richard Lister, chief justice, whose dau. (not granddau.) Elizabeth, obit. 1582, m. Sir Richard Blount of Maple Durham, obit. 1564, who was sister of Sir Michael Lyster, who m. (1529) Elizabeth Delabere, second-cousin of Richard Delabere, who m. Margaret Newman, of Bellington, Chaddesley Corbet, Worc. Sir Richard Blount was the grandson of Sir Thomas Blount, obit. 1468, who m. (1) Agnes, dau. and heir of Sir John Hawley, of Canons Utterby, Lincolnshire, and had issue, Robert, b. 1459, obit. 1514; Elizabeth, m. to Richard Hansard, and Anne Blount, who m. William Marbury; their son, Robert Marbury, obit. 1545, m. Katherine Williamson; their son, William Marbury, m. Agnes Lenton; their son, John Francis Marbury, m. Bridget Dryden, b. 1563, who m. (2) Rev. Thomas Newman, who can reasonably be taken to be of the Newmans as given hereinafter.


Sir Thomas Blount m. (2) Catharine, dau. of Sir Gervase Clifton, of Clifton, Notts (thereby possibly being 'related' to the family of Harris described herein), and had issue an only son, Richard Blount, obit. 1508, who m. Elizabeth, only dau. and heir of William de La Ford, of Iver, Bucks., by whom he acquired the estate in that place, and purchased (1489) the manor of Maple Durham, Oxford. He served as sheriff for Bucks and Bedfordshire in 1502. He had issue one son, Sir Richard Blount, of Maple Durham, one of the gentlemen of the chamber to King Henry VIII. and Edward VI., and held various offices of trust under Elizabeth, amongst others that of lieutenant of the Tower. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Richard Lyster, chief-justice of England, and sister of Sir Michael Lyster, knight of the Bath, by which lady he had issue, Michael (Sir), his successor. Richard (Sir), who resided at Dodsham or Dysliam, in Sussex. He m. the Hon. Elizabeth West, second dau. of William, first Lord De la Warre, by whom (who d. in 1595) he had a son, William. Elizabeth West's sister, Jane, m. (4) Ralph Sheldon, obit. 1613, who m. (1) Anne, dau. of Sir Robert Throckmorton. Ralph Sheldon was the son of William Sheldon and Mary Willington. His son, Edward, by his first wife, m. Elizabeth Markham.


The earliest notice I can find of this Newman family is in a grant made by Richard Clifford, Bishop of Worcester, in 1403, concerning "the mannor of Wyke", witnessed by Thomas Throckmorton, Thomas Lancaster, Roger Sapurton, John Newman, and Thomas Alder (see Habington's Survey Worc., v. ii, p. 135). John Newman was likely, as Thomas Throckmorton, to be of the minor Worcestershire gentry. His descendants held land at Chaddesley Corbet, in that county, under the Throckmortons. The next on record is William Newman, of Chaddesley Corbet; his Will being dated December 17, 1512. He appears to have been a benefactor of the school in Chaddesley Corbet. He is followed by a William Newman, who is recorded thus: "About twenty years before the dissolution of chantries (1547 - M.S.) a certain William Newman gave tenements in Chaddesley Corbett worth £5. 3s. 8d. yearly to trustees for the maintenance of a school there. Land at Chaddesley Corbett called 'Our Ladyes Lands,' given for the maintenance of a priest, obits and lights, was granted in 1562 to Cicely Pickerell" ('Parishes: Chaddesley Corbett', A History of the County of Worcester: volume 3 (1913), pp. 35-43). He is followed by John Newman, whose relict, Margaret, m. Richard Hoby; their effigy showing:"They kneel at a desk, between them an hour glass. He is in civilian dress. Below her are the figures of her sons Richard and Gerard and her daughter Margaret by her first husband John Newman of Chaddesley. Above is a crest, a hawk (hoby)" - see Houghton's Worcestershire, p. 42, 1922. This Margaret Newman was probably the wife of Richard Delabere, aforesaid, whose second-cousin was the wife of Sir Michael Lyster, br.-in-law of Sir Richard Blount. Richard Hoby was the br. of Sir Phillip Hoby, whose Will states ....... he stands bound "to my assurer friends Sir William Cecil and Sir Richard Blunt in the sum of £1000". Sir Philip signs his Will in the presence of William Cecil; William Sheldon; John Lovelace; William Amondsham; Edward Warren, and others. It was proved on July 2, 1558. Thus, the Newman family were extremely well connected. Richard and Phillip Hoby were sons of William Hoby of Leominster by 1st w. Catherine Foster; Phillip Hoby m. by 1540, Elizabeth, da. of Sir Walter Stonor of Stonor, Oxon., wid. of Sir William Compton of Hawton, Notts. and Fenny Compton, Warws. and of Walter Welshe of Abberley and Elmley Castle, Worcs., s.p. suc. fa. aft. 1532. Kntd. 30 Sept. 1544. Sir Phillip Hoby was a Diplomatic envoy; gent. usher of the Black Rod and the order of the Garter; J. P. Mdx., Worcs.; master of the ordnance; steward for Thomas Seymour, Baron Seymour of Sudeley. Richard and Philip Hoby’s grandfather, Walter Hoby, came from Radnorshire, and the family was of ancient Welsh descent from Rhys ap Tudur.


Entries from Chaddesley Corbett registers: Symon Newman, bapt. November 16, 1540. Elyzabeth Newman, m. (January 27, 1542) Harrye Baccar. Wm. Newman, bapt. February 8, 1544, obit. May 20, 1554, son of John Newman. Ric. Newman, bapt. January 8, 1550, son of John Newman. Jane Newman, bapt. January 19, 1551, dau. of John Newman. John Newman, m. (February 17, 1564) Margerie ... Richard Newman, bapt. May 12, 1583, son of John Newman. Therrodde Newman, bapt. October 11, 1584, son of John Newman. Margaret Newman, bapt. September 21, 1586, dau. of John Newman.


Petition of John Wall a poor prisoner in the County Gaol to the Justices of the Peace showing that he granted a loan to one John Newman on a parcel of a tenement with garden ground at Chadsley Corbet for 11 years after the expiration of which time petitioner reentered the premises but the said Newman under a pretended title granted to him by the Bailiff and burgesses of Warwick brought several Bills of indictment for forcible entry against the petitioner about 7 or 8 years past. 1/1/30/80 (1619) ... Recognizance before George Wylde by by John Wall of Chaddsley Corbet Weaver Richard Turner and Roger Onions of Droitwich for the appearance of the said John and for his keeping the peace towards Agnes Newman the wife of John Newman of Chaddesley Corbett. 1/1/5/41. 27 August 1610.


John Lyster, aform., had issue, by Christabel Gatacre, his wife, Richard Lyster of Rowton, who m. Jane Jenyns of Wallibourne, dau. of Thomas Jenyns and Catherine Oteley, son of Rowland Jenyns and Elizabeth Bromley. Thomas Jenyns br., William, was the father of Eleanor Jenyns, wife of Richard Harris of Cruckton, whose son, John Harris, by his wife Eleanor Prowde, had issue (1) Thomas Harris of Tonge Castle, father of Francis Harris, b. 1599, Will dated Dec. 24, 1689, who m. Sarah Lyster of Rowton, great-granddau. of Richard Lyster, aforesaid. This branch of the Cruckton Harris adopted the arms of Pierpont after 1629, after the marriage of a sister of Francis Harris with a Pierpont). Rowland Harris, m. Jane Langford: (1. John Langford. 1.1. Richard Langford, gent, bur. Oct. 2, 1562. 1.1.1. Thomas Langford, attorney of the Foxe family. 1.1.1. Jane Langford, m. Edward Lewis, of Sutton Magna, Diddlebury, Shropshire, who had firstly m. Anne Blashfield, dau. of Thomas Blashfield of Ludlow. William Lewis, m. (Aug. 21, 1634) Anne Lutley, of Burwarton, Shropshire, dau. of Robert Lutley and Mary Holland, dau. of Francis Holland, b. 1544, in Burwarton, Shropshire, br. of Thomas Holland, who m. Alicia, 'fil. Thomas Cocke of Pickthorne.' 1.2. John Langford. 1.2.1. Thomas Langford of Ludlow, Shrophire. Jane Langford, bapt. Oct. 10, 1567, m. (Sept. 14, 1595) Rowland Harris of Ludlow, d. 1605). Captain Thomas Harris, bapt. Sept. 4, 1603. He was the second son of Rowland Harris of that name; his namesake (d. inf.) was bapt. Jun. 26, 1597. Thomas had two surviving br's - Richard Harris, bapt. Sep. 30, 1599, and John Harris, bapt. Mar. 16, 1604. Thomas does not appear on later m. and d. records of his parish (St. Lawrence's); a John Harris who m. (Oct. 28, 1630) Gwen Matthewes, was probably his br., who had issue: Edward Harris (bapt. Mar. 7, 1634), Thomas Harris (bapt. Sept. 2, 1638); and Sarah Harris, bapt. Jun. 16, 1644. Arthur Harris, Esq. of Prescot, near Baschurch, m. Jane Newton. Thomas Harris, m. (1632) Alice Holland, dau. of William Holland, baptized at Burwarton in 1574, and buried there in 1642 (Will proved P.C.C. 94 Campbell), son of Thomas Holland, bur. at Stottesden in 1612, and Alicia, 'fil. Thomas Cocke of Pickthorne' (Will pr. P.C.C. 19 Capell, 1613); styled "of Pickthorne", aunt of Richard Cocke, b. 1597 at Pickthorn, Stottesdon, Shropshire; bapt. Dec. 13, 1597 at Sidbury in Shropshire; obit. Bremo Bluff, Henrico, 1665.


1.1.2. Thomas Harris, m. (Nov. 22, 1561) Margary Clee.


1.1.3. Richard Harris, m. (May 1, 1565) Elizabeth Marston; niece of Thomas Marston of, Middleton, Bitterley, Shropshire* and Margaret Lucy, dau. of William Lucy of Charlecote, Warwick she m. 1. William Cresswell. Her sis, Margaret, m. Thomas More, of Lower Millichope Hall, Millichope, Munslow, Shropshire; issue Charles More m. Anne Burton dau, of Thomas Burton of Severn's, Longnor, Shropshire. *Son of John Marston and Mary Baugh of Aldon Court, Aldon, Stokesay, Shropshire; another son being Ralph Marston, who m. Joan Hopton of Hopton Castle, Shropshire, dau. of Richard Hopton and Joan Langford (dau. Elizabeth m. Richard Harris), her br. John m. Elizabeth Sharpe, dau. of Thomas Sharpe; issue Thomas Hopton m. Elizabeth Baugh, bur. 12 Dec. 1602, Stanton Lacy, Shropshire; Anne Hopton, m. Andrew Herbert; Elizabeth Hopton, m. William Parker of Shropshire. Thomas Harris Sr., bapt. Oct. 20, 1566. Thomas Harris Jr. Thomas Harris, bapt. Oct. 16, 1636. Edward Harris, bapt. Jan. 1, 1568. Edward Harris, bapt. May 2, 1589. Edward Harris, bapt. Feb. 2, 1615. (n.b. Sep. 27. 1585: John Harris & Marye Lonke(low) ... mar. (Longslowe); they had a son named John, which I suggest bears no little relevance to the likely ancestry of Sergeant John Harris of Virginia - see earlier notes on Iremongers).


(The Tanner connection: 1. Sir Peter Newton, Sheriff of Shropshire, fl. 1503, m. (1). Matilda Cholmeley, dau of Robert Cholmeley of Cheshire, and Elizabeth., dau. of Roger Corbet of Moreton Corbet, and Elizabeth Hopton. 1.1. John Newton of Heighley, Shropshire, m. Elizabeth Hinton, dau of Griffith Hinton Esq., of Boreatton, and Amicia Dodd of Calverhall, Shropshire. 1.1.1. Francis Newton, Sheriff of Shropshire, fl. 1602, m. Mary Corbet, dau. of Reginald Corbet, of Stoke- upon-Tern, Shropshire, Justice of the King's Bench. (J. Morris, Shropshire Genealogies, vol. 3, p. 1180); grandson of Roger Corbet, aforesaid. Mary's sister, Alice, m. Sir Humphrey Lee of Langley; issue: (1) Alice, m. Henry Calcott of Pontesbury, not he, of Preston, bur. 1587. (2) Sir Richard Lee, Sheriff of Shropshire, 1639, m. Elizabeth Allen, of London, dau. of Sir Edward Allen. Mary's br. Richard Corbet, Sheriff of Shropshire, 1593, m. Anne Bromley, of Holt, Worcestershire, half-sister of Sir Henry Bromley; issue: Elizabeth Corbet, m. Richard Powell Esq., of Worthen, Shropshire, son of Richard Powell (Richard ap John), Bailiff of Shrewsbury, 1573. (ibid., p. 1362). John Newton, m. Sara Owen, dau of Judge Thomas Owen, son of Richard Owen (Richard ab Owain) and Mary Ottley. Sara's sister, Elizabeth was the wife of Henry Smythe of, Corsham, Wiltshire, br. of Thomas Smythe, Treasurer of the Virginia Company. Peter Newton, m. Dorothy Owen, dau. of Robert Owen of Woodhouse, Sheriff of Shropshire, 1618. (ibid., p. 1246), son of Robert Owen and Joan Purcell. John Newton Esq. of Chirbury, bapt. Jul. 31, 1632, m. Mary Oakely of Bishops Castle, dau. of Richard Oakeley and Mary Combes, sister of John Combes of Gray's Inne, Esquire. (ibid., p. 1270); son of Rowland Oakely and Mary Crowther, son of John Oakely and ... Marston of Alderbury, Shropshire. Mary Oakely's sister, Judith, m. 28 Feb. 1613, Maurice Tanner of Bishops Castle. Reginald Newton, m. ... Johnson. Jane Newton, m. Arthur Harris; a niece m. Sir Timothy Turner b. cal. 1586, of Astley, Shrewsbury. Elizabeth Newton, m. (1601) Edward Burton of Longnor, obit. 1642.


Lease. 11/539. 1 September 1585. 1. Andrewe Blunden of Busshopscastle gentleman. 2. John Longwell of Widbach y Koyd yeoman, Katherine his wife and Richard Longwell their son. Consideration: 20 marks Witnesses:- John Bright, John Okley, Edward Mason. Witnesses to seizin 18 March 28 1586. Richard Moris, John Tanner the elder, David ap Walter, John Tanner the younger. Copy attested by John Okeley ... Feoffment in several messuages in Wydbach coid als. 11/279. 10 December 1613. Witnesses:- Morrys Tanner, gent., bayliff of Bushops Castel, Ar: Powel, Edward Mason, gent., Edward Hanmer John Thomas scr. ... 1037/8/3. 23 June 1621. Witnesses:- John Tomas, Morrys Tanner, Rowland Oakley, Edward Mason, Robert Oakeley. Philip James, Richard Norton, Edward Thomas.


Morrys Tanner m. Judith Oakeley, of Oakeley, Bishop's Castle, Shropshire, dau. of Rowland Oakeley Esq., bapt. Jul. 8, 1561, Bishop's Castle, and Mary Crowther, of Bedstone, Shropshire. He was the son of John Oakeley and ...... Marston, dau. of Ralph Marston of 'Longfield' ( ibid.) ... Copy Conveyance of a messuage. 11/264. 5 January 1626. John ap John Lloyd of Colbach yeoman, son and heir of Robert ap John Lloyd late deceased and Isabell his wife. 2. William Lowe of Brockton, yeoman. Consideration:- £122 in Colbach, together with a small parcel of meadow ground called Wallbroke meadow lately purchased of Richard Colbach the elder and Richard Colbach the younger "being the quantitie of a three penny taske" and all his hereditaments in Colbach except 3 acres meadow called Suglandes, parcel of the premises formerly sold to Andrew Bright. Covenant for further assurances Marks of David and Isabell. Witnesses:- Morris Tanner, John Rusbach clerk, Ambros Kinge, William Tanner, Richard Gwalter, Philip Jones, John Thomas, John Jones, Richard Colbache ... 445/111. 11 July 4 1628. 1. Lewis Griffith of Castlewright gentleman. 2. John Tanner of Bushops Castle mercer, and John James of Mainston, yeoman. Consideration, a marriage already had between Lewis Griffith and Anne his wife, daughter of Gabriell James, and of £210 paid by Gabriell to Lewis for marriage portion in part performance of articles of agreement between Lewis and Amne dated 24 June 1 Charles (1624) ... Counterpart signed by John James, John Tanner. Witnesses:- Lewis David Llwyd, Owen Rees, John Doughty (mark) Richard Shringer, Gabriel Myddelton.


1. Ralph Marston, of Ascote, Wistanstow, Shropshire, Cecily Adye.

1.1. ... Marston m. John Oakeley, of Oakeley, Bishop's Castle.

1.1.1. Rowland Oakeley, bapt. Jul. 8, 1561, Bishop's Castle, m. Mary Crowther, of Bedstone, Shropshire. Judith Oakely, m. (Feb. 28, 1613) Morrys Tanner.

1.2. John Marston, m. Mary Baugh.

1.2.1. Elizabeth Marston m. Richard Harris, cousin of Richard Harris, who mar. Anna Smalman.


1.1.3. Catherine Harris. 1. Hugh Corbet, b. circ. 1470, Halston, Pontesbury, m.Alice Brooke of Stony Stretton, Westbury, Shropshire(Bartrum, Welsh Genealogies 1400-1500, vol. 2 p. 333) desc. from Sir Robert Corbet, b. circ. 1100, of Caus Castell, Cawrse hundred, Shropshire, ob. a. 1176-1177, and Mawd FitzWarin, dau. of Fulk FitzWarin. 1.1. John Corbet, m. 1. Jane .... 1.1.1. Winifrid Corbet, m. Francis Wilcockes. 1.1.2. Eleanor Corbet, m. (Feb. 3, 1561) Robert Warter. 1.1. John Corbet, m. (2) Catherine Harries, of Cruckton, Pontesbury, Shropshire. 1.1.1. Richard Corbet, of Halston (bapt. Jan. 24, 1550; bur. Mar. 15, 1620), m. Hester Berkeley, bur. July 3, 1629 Mentioned in the Will of her father, dated Nov. 10, 1609, as daughter Hester Corbett (Fletcher, Transcripts of Parish Registers and Genealogies, vol. 5 p. 150b) dau. of Edmund Berkeley, Burgess of Shrewsbury (ibid., p. 210), and Mary Felton of Eudness, Worfield, Shropshire. Hester Berkeley was the sister of: Francis Berkeley Esq., bur. Oct. 4, 1628, St. Chad's, Shrewsbury; of Lincoln's Inn (ibid.), who m. Anne Purcell, of Dinthill, Shrewsbury, dau. of Thomas Purcell; issue (1) William Berkeley, Merchant (ibid.), m. Magdalen Archer, of, Cowper's Hall, Essex; (2) Christabelle Berkeley, m. (1) John Gardner, of Shrewsbury, (2) Adam Webbe, of Shrewsbury. 1.1.2. Elizabeth Corbet, m. (Jun. 21, 1586) Rowland Clark. 1.1.3. Mary Corbet, m. (Sept. 5, 1581) Roger Beeston.

(1. Richard Hopton, m. Joan Langford, sister of John Langford, grandf. of Captain Thomas Harris. 1.1. Joan Hopton, m. Ralph Marston, son of John Marston and Mary Baugh. 1.2. John Hopton, m. Elizabeth Sharpe. 1.2.1. Thomas Hopton of Stanton Lacy, m. Elizabeth Baugh, sis. of William Baugh, probable grandf. of William and John Baugh of Virginia. 1.2.2. Elizabeth Hopton, m. William Parker. 1.2.3. Anne Hopton, m. Andrew Kirby. 1.2.4. Thomas Hopton, m. (1584) Elizabeth, dau. of John Baugh, thus, aunt of Thomas Hopton's wife, etc. 1.3. William Hopton, m. Elizabeth, dau. of William Foxe of Ludlow. 1.3.1. George Hopton, m. Bridget, dau. of Sir Edward Pitt of Purwiard, Shropshire. 1.3.2. Michael Hopton, obit. 1601, m. Martha, dau. of Charles Foxe of Bromfield, Shropshire. 1.4. Eleanor Hopton, m. Edward Smalman).

1. Hugh Baughe of Bayston husbandman.1.1. Richard Baugh. Lease by Humphrey Sandford of Shiplake Oxen, to Thomas Lateward the Younger, son of Thomas Lateward Burton, yeoman, and to Margaret Baughe, wife of Hugh Baughe of Bayston husbandman, and to Richard Baughe, son,of that mesuage or tenement in Bayston, late in the tenure of Hugh Baughe with all appurtenances. 465/462 March 30, 1587 ... Signed by Thomas Lateward, junior and Margaret Baughe. Signed in the presence of: Thomas Berrington, Roger Harries, junior, John Harries de Chatford,* John Bird, Thomas Lateward son of Richard Lateward. Endorsed: The lease of Hugh Baughe in Beyston for three lives. The three lives to be these: Thomas Lateward, Margaret Baughe and Richard Baughe. * Roger Harries, junior was a younger brother of Sir Thomas Harris of Boreatton (Burwarton) 1st Bart., and John Harries de Chatford was probably another brother, or a cousin, son of William Harris of Wheathill junior, obit. 1590. 1.1.1. John Baugh of Aldencourte (Aldon Court) m. Joanne Dale (dau of John Dale of Langtoll). 1568: Dec. 18. Johannes Baughe sepultus. William Baugh. William Baugh. 1601: Oct. 29. Willmus Baughe et Jana Taylor .... matr. William Baugh.* 1602: Jan. 6. Willms. fs Will'mi Baughe .... bap. John Baugh.* 1611: Nov. 10. Johannes fs Will'mi Baughe .... bap. Charles Baugh. 1579: Jan. 22. Charolus fs Willimi Baughe .... bap. Edward Baugh. 2589/D/58. 17 March. 4 Charles I [1629]. Charles Baugh of Aldon, gent. Assignment of lease and draft copy. 20/6/133-134. 20 June. 3 Chas I (1627). 1. Sir John Walker kt. Chief Baron of the Exchequer. Sir Jas. Fullerton, gentleman of the bedchamber. Sir Thos. Trevor, Baron of the Exchequer. 2. Edwd. Baugh, gent. and Roger Brompton, servants of Sir Rich. Fox of Whinchcote, kt. Declaration of trust and counterpart: 20/6/135. 21 June 1627. 1. Edwd. Baugh and Roger Brompton. 2. Sir Chas. Foxe and Sir Rich. Foxe kts. Declaration by 1. that the assignment of lease 20/6/133-4 above was made to them as trustees and is for the use and benefit of 2., th their masters. Lease for 99 years or 3 lives. 465/469. 4th December, 8 Charles I 1632. 1. Humphrey Sandford of the Isle of Rossall. 2. Elizabeth Latward, of Beiston. Consideration: That Thomas Latward of Beiston, yeoman, surrendered to H.S. the lease of June 10, 1616, and £50. H.S. now leases to E.L. the messuage or tenement in Beiston in the occupation of Hugh Baugh, Witnessed by Thos. Calcott, William Latward and John Latwood. 1.2. Mary Baugh, m. John Marston. 1.2.1. Thomas Marston of Middleton. 1.2.2. ... Marston. Elizabeth Marston, m. Richard Harris. Thomas Baugh of Aldencourte, m. Dorothy Parkes (dau of George Parkes of Bromfield). Henry Baugh of Aldencourte, m. Alice Holland (obit. 1662, dau of Francis Holland of Boreatton (Burwarton), br. of Thomas Holland, who m. into the Cocke family of Pickthorne. Elizabeth Baugh, m. Thomas Hopton of Hayton, Stanton Lacy, son of John Hopton and Elizabeth Sharpe, son of Richard Hopton and Joan Langford. (J-Morris, Shropshire Genealogies, vol. 2 p. 612) Thomas Hopton's sister, Elizabeth, m. William Parker. *&** Possibly Virginia settlers.


24 Jul. 1645. Patentee(s): John Baugh (Gent.) Henrico Co., "Bermuda Hundred . . . eighty acres . . . East North East upon the Land formerly belonging to John Arundell - South East upon the Bay of Appomatock west South west upon Powell Creek and North West upon Connococke path four acres bounded, viz. North North East upon James River, East South East upon the Land of James Usher, South South west upon the Land of Michaell Magfors, and west North west upon the Land of William Sharp, the other sixteen Acres lying in Bermuda hundred Neck, bounded South Upon the Land of Joseph Royall, North East Upon the Swamp and North west Upon the Land of Michaell Magfors, the said one hundred acres of Land being due unto him the Said John Baugh, by and for the Transportation at his own proper cost and charge of two persons into this colony whose names are in the records mentioned under this Patent . . . George Woolfe Elizabeth Cowells" (VA Land Patent Book 2, p. 27).


In 1668, William Baugh received a headright grant of 577 acres alongside John Baugh's grants for the transportation of 12 persons, including his son William Baugh Jr., and Priscilla Baugh.


Captain Jefferson owned 492 acres in Henrico County: October 20, 1704 Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Harris, Matthew Branch, and Thomas Turpin patented land in Henrico Co., Virginia for 628 acres on the South side of the James River, beginning at a poplar in a branch of Lucy's Spring for the transportation of 13 persons to Virginia. (Patents 9, p. 627.) His. sister, Mary Jefferson, married Thomas Harris,  who was certainly of the same family as Captain Thomas Harris: James Harris, son of Thomas Harris and Mary Jefferson, m. Sarah Baily, dau. of Thomas Baily (Will, 1723, Henrico County) and Phoebe Hancock, Mary Harris Lygon's granddaughter


Before 1671, a William Baugh is probably in Accomack as he is mentioned in a court case as having sold two servants to Jacob Browne, who sold them to Edmund Scarborough, who gifted them to his mistress, Ann Toft. C&P, no. 5; p. 456: Mrs. Anne Toft, 1500 acs. (Accomac) at Manoakin, being halfe of the middle neck, on S. side thereof, Wly. on Manoaken Riv., bounded on S. by the Southern Cr. 2 Apr. 1664 ...... Trans. of 30 pers: James Draper, Jno. Orbald, Vincent Barry, Anto. Libb, Robt. Parriot, Jno. Machen, Hen. Silvester, Rich. Miller, Roger Griffin, Rich. Wing, Abill Barker, Walter Acton, Tho. Whitmore, Jno. Weld, Jno. Charlton, Ann Phillips, Rich. Lister, Thomas Morefeild, Geo. Ludloe, Thomas Jones, Francis Smith, Mary Feild, Jno. Whittaker, Rich. Rivers, Jno. Harding, James Dudly, Thomas Wells, Henry Lee, Tho. Fleetwood, Wm. Morton. Same. 500 acs. Accomack Co., 12 July 1664, p. 191. Beg. at S. W. angle of a former devdt. of 1200 acs., running N.W. to a swamp called Devills Den & bounded on N. by land of Col. Edmond Scarburgh. Trans. of 10 pers: Francis Hord, Edw. Bray, Fran. Tippin, James Jenkins, Tho. Fetteplace, Rowland Walter, George Burry, Jno. Draper, Thomas Cobb, Charles Holloway. The transportees, it can be noted, were largely from Shropshire.


Holland (Burwarton, Charlecot, and Pickthorne, Salop). Az. a lion ramp, guard. From Goochland County, Virginia, Wills and Deeds, 1728-1736, p. 262. Will of Bartholomew Cox* of Goochland Co. To grandson George Cox, 1 shilling. To grandson William Baugh, 1 shilling. Son Meredeth Cox, son John Cox, and wife Rebeckah Cox to be executors. Dated 14 January 1730/31. Witnesses: Anthony Morgan, Agnes Nowlin, Rebecca Wood. Signed: Bartholomew Cox. *Son of John Cox and Mary ... (Henrico County: Will of Mary Cox, 2 February 1735, of parish and county of Henrico: To loving son Richard Cox a steer and a mare, 4 sheep, 7 hogs, 3 sows, 4 barrows, and 240 lbs. of tobacco due to me by my son John Cox. To daughter Obedience Purkins two suits of my clothes; to my granddaughter Obedience Purkins my spinning wheel and card. Son Richard sole executor. Witnesses: Benjamin Burton and Benjamin Burton, Jr. John Cox was the son of John Cox of "Arrowhattocks"; the individual who conveyed his 300 acre portion of "Longfield" to John Burton. As John Cox Sr., he was charged on five tithables in 1679. Brothers of Bartholomew - Henry, who was left the home plantation by his father. His br., George Cox, was administrator of his estate. Will was probated in Henrico County, 1697, proved by Joseph Tanner and Thomas Taylor; sureties: Henry Hatcher and Richard Ligon ... John Cox Sr. was the probable son of William Cox: A land grant of 150 to William Cox, Oct. 29, 1637 in Henrico County, about 2 miles above Harrow Attocks, was granted for transportation of three persons, one of which was Richard Byrd. William Cox appears to have purchased additional land adjoining this patent and owned land on both sides of the James River. Given this family's association with the Ligons et al., it is highly probable that William Cox was: "1604. Mar. 3. William, s. of Richard Cock* .... bap. (Stanton Lacy Reg.). William Cocke was granted 250 acres of land in 1637. He was deceased by 1656 when a Henrico Co., VA deed on 14 Dec 1656, mentions the orphans of William Cocke. Orphans of William appear to have been Thomas Cox and John Cox, whose son and namesake was given 150 acres of land by his father called "New Plantation" on Gardiner's Creek and Jarret's Spring adjoining land of brother William and Bartholomew Cox, bounded on Capt. Davis' land. John Cox, Jr. married Mary Baugh before 1685, dau. of William Baugh, Jr. and wife Jane Hatcher. *The uncle of Richard Cocke of Bremo.

1. Hugh de la Hulle, fl. 1189-1216.

Held the estate of Hulle, that is, Court of Hill, in the parish of Burford, Shropshire, as the eleventh part of a knight's fee, of the Barony of Stuteville.

2. William de la Hulle.

3. Robert de la Hulle.  It is assumed that Robert de la Hulle m. one of Roger de Pyvelesdon's sisters.

4. Simon de la Hulle. Ward of Roger de Pyvelsesdon, and probable cousin of Sir Roger de Pyvelesdon, Sheriff of Anglesey, who m. Agnes le Clerk, dau of David le Clerk of Malpas.

5. Adam de la Hulle. He m. Dionysia, now the wife of Ralph de Shyreburne.

6. William de la Hulle, m. Alice de Bagardsley, of Bagardsley, Salop.

7. Hugh Hill, mar. Eleanor de Longslowe, descended from the ruling houses of Bretagne, Denmark, and Maine.

8. William de Hulle (William Hill), m. Johanna de Buntingsdale.

9. Henry Hill als Harris. Supposedly m. Sionett, dau. of Meredith ap Howell. His descendants bore the arms of Heriz: Az. on a chevron arg. between 3 hedgehogs or, a crescent for a difference (Harl. 1396).

10. Roger Harris. Associated with the Hoptons of Ludlow, and with Stanton Lacy.

11. John Harris of Cruckton, fl. 1463.

12. John Harris of Cruckton, d. 1550.

13. Richard Harris, d. 1543, m. Eleanor Jenyns.

14. Rowland Harris, m. Jane Langford. Richard Hopton, m. Joan Langford, sister of John Langford, grandf. of Captain Thomas Harris. Richard Hopton's grandson, Thomas Hopton of Stanton Lacy, m. Elizabeth Baugh, sis. of William Baugh, probable grandf. of William and John Baugh of Virginia.

15. Captain Thomas Harris, bapt. Sept. 4, 1603. His second-cousin, Mary Harris, m. Fleetwood Dormer, whose first wife was Katherine Lygon, cousin of Thomas Lygon, who m. Mary Harris. Notice the connection to Joseph Royall, as given.

16. a. Major William Harris. b. Mary Harris, m. Thomas Lygon. Their son, Maj. William Ligon, m. Mary Tanner. Will of Mary Lygon. To son Richard Lygon, 100 acres in Henrico County, known by the name of "Curles" joining the land of Richard Cocke. The very close association between the Harris families of Cruckton, the Tanners of Bishops Castle, and the Cockes of Pickethorn, Shropshire, is given herein.

17. William Harris.

18. David Harris.


The 'Harris' subject is a difficult one to study, as the name can stem from a variety of sources, by far the most common of which is the son of Harry, the pet form of Henry. My past deliberations have been flawed to the degree I was seeing obscure links as 'proof' of a continuous line leading to Virginia. These obscure links included distant relationships and similarities of location. Always what was missing was the key element of post-Medieval society - the cousinship links between families which could be proved by marriage records. With regards to who I see as being Captain Harris, such links are found in Shropshire, strongly so, to families of Lygon, Cocke, Tanner, Baugh, Isham, Royall, etc. One very instructive deed that points to these relationships and their continuation in Virginia is:- Indenture between William Hollande of Bewdley, co. Worc., gent., Joyce, his wife, Thomas Hollande of Pickthorne, co. Salop, gent., Francis Hollande of Burratton, co. Salop, gent., George Hollande of Lincolnes Inne [London], gent., and Richarde Bysshopp of Teddon, co.Worc., y(e)oman, concerning lands and premises in Mamble, co. Worc. MS 3420/Acc 1932-047/397545. 1 March. 40 Eliz (1597-8). To recap .... the cousins Thomas Langford a. and Thomas Langford b. ... the grandson of a. m. a dau. of Francis Hollande, whose br., 'Thomas Holland of Pickthorne' m. the aunt of Richard Cocke of Bremo ... a dau. of Thomas Langford b. m. Rowland Harris, they the parents of who I take to be Captain Harris, whose second-cousin was the second wife of Mr. Dormer, whose first wife was the cousin of Thomas Lygon, married to Mary, dau. of Captain Harris. Rowland's br., Arthur, m. Jane Newton (and thus had strong Tanner connections); their son m. a grandau. of Thomas Cocke, niece of Thomas Holland's wife, and cousin of Richard Cocke of Bremo, mentioned in the Will of Mary Harris Lygon, whose son, William, m. Mary Tanner.


The tenants of Pickthorne held under a family intermarried to the Harris of Burratton (cousins of the above Harris), who had links to the Lygons through the Salweys. The above Hollandes held in Mamble (as the Salweys) of George Blount and his heirs: Sir George Blount of Sodington m. Eleanor Norwood, dau of William Norwood of Lockhampton and Elizabeth Lygon, a cousin of Colonel Henry Norwood, Treasurer of Virginia, and of Captain Charles Norwood, Clerk of the Virginia House of Burgesses.


The theme of intermarriages within a kinship circle is constant to all English families that held land. It would make mockery of all sense of what we know of how such families perpetuated their interests to imagine Captain Harris not to be from Cruckton; and mockery of his family's relationships to the Tanners, Wynnes, Baughs, Marstons, and Cockes, however this challenges long-held beliefs, such as that the Thomas of the 1624 Muster was Captain Harris. This Thomas was probably from Aylesbury, and I have documented his likely family and connections elsewhere. A member of this family could not have haphazardly met and married a member of the well-connected Lygon family; it was not how things were done; marriages were arranged between associated families, of similar standing, to further their interests. The 'Captain' family's close associations to such as the Cockes and Tanners, as well as to the Lygons, can only be explained by a Cruckton ancestry. One Thomas has been confounded with another. A similar problem arises when speculating about the grandchildren of early Harris settlers of Virginia.


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